[11][14] Like most insects, communication within the species is a mix of chemoreception, sight, and mechanical perception. Subject: Male Eastern Hercules Beetle Geographic location of the bug: Meridianville, Alabama Date: 06/09/2018 Time: 11:16 PM EDT Your letter to the bugman: If you ever wondered how tough these are, well, I met this one by accidentally stepping on him at a gas station! In Britain, they are found in southern and southeastern areas of England. The larvae feed on decaying wood from hardwood trees like oak, beech, alder, maple, ash, etc. [5][9] The adult Hercules beetle feeds on fresh and rotting fruit. Huang, J., Knowles, L. The species versus subspecies conundrum: quantitative delimitation from integrating multiple data types within a single bayesian approach in Hercules beetles. Index of all insects found in Alabama. The larval stage of Dynastes hercules will last one to two years, with the larva growing up to 4.5 inches (11 cm) in length and weighing more than 100 g (3.5 oz). [11], Females of D. hercules have punctured elytra which are usually entirely black, but sometimes have the last quarter of the elytra colored in the same way as the males. This massive beetle can be found in hardwood forests in the eastern United States. Buy beetles for use in art, craft projects, private collections, & creative decorations. Big Al’s Pets is happy to ship any of our dozens of live insect varieties right to your door. This variability results from developmental mechanisms that coincide with genetic predisposition in relation to nutrition, stress, exposure to parasites, and/or physiological conditions. In Japanese, rhinoceros beetles are called kabutomushi (かぶとむし, also written 甲虫 or かぶと虫). Above is photo of the grub of a Hercules Beetle (Dynastes hercules); the largest of the rhinoceros beetles.The grubs can reach 4.5 inches (110mm) in length and weigh up to 120 grams. KINGDOM: Animalia | PHYLUM: Arthropoda | CLASS: Insecta | ORDER:Coleoptera | FAMILY: Scarabaeidae | SUBFAMILY: Dynastinae | GENUS and SPECIES: Dynastes tityus (Eastern Hercules Beetle) Like all beetles, Hercules Beetles have chewing mouthparts and hardened front wings (elytra). The eastern hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus, can be found in the eastern half of the U.S. [5], The larvae of the Hercules beetle are saproxylophagous, this means that they feed on rotting wood, in which they … The speckled and horned Eastern Hercules Beetle is a Scarab Beetle that is as strong and large as a rhinoceros compared to other beetles. Listing of North American Beetles found in the state of Alabama ... Eastern Hercules Beetle. The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the Eastern Hercules Beetle may be found (but is not limited to). Known populations include the Lesser Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru. Insecta Mundi 0275: 1-53. Not counting subspecies of D. hercules, seven other species are recognized in the genus Dynastes. Large Eastern Hercules Beetle, Dynastes tityus, on a leaf. These are available as captive bred larvae, unsexed at $19 each. Stag beetles […] They are dark brown all over. [11], Reports suggest the Hercules beetle is able to carry up to 850 times its body mass. [5] They have a slightly iridescent coloration to their elytra, which varies in color between specimens and may be affected by the humidity of the local environment in which they develop. These large beetles can be found across the southern U.S. from Florida to Texas. Large horns, green shell with spots. Including coleoptera,lepidoptera,beetles,butterflies and more. Sells good quality insect specimens from around the world. The grubs feed on decaying wood from various trees. [5], The larvae of the Hercules beetle are saproxylophagous, this means that they feed on rotting wood, in which they also reside during the two-year developmental stage. The smallest recorded beetle and the smallest free-living insect (as of 2015), is the featherwing beetle Scydosella musawasensis which may measure as little as 325 µm in length. Another name given to some of these insects is the Hercules beetle, because they possess a … If you prefer to do your shopping online, that doesn’t have to stop you from getting high-quality, live insects for your reptiles. 2012. The bettle is native to Central and South America. Rhinoceros beetle, (subfamily Dynastinae), also called elephant beetle, Hercules beetle, or Atlas beetle, any of numerous species of beetles, some of which are among the largest beetles on Earth, named for the impressive hornlike structures on the frontal portions of males. On one particularly hot day in his Central Alabama town, he and I were hiking through the woods when he suggested we take a water break for my "helf (health)." Updated: 9/25/2020; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org These farm-raised insects can be purchased … After the larval period, transformation into a pupa, and moulting, the beetle then emerges as an adult. Large Eastern Hercules Beetle, Dynastes tityus, on a leaf. Much of the life of the larva is spent tunneling through rotting wood. Most are black, gray, or greenish in color, and some are covered in soft hairs. [9][10] They have been observed feeding on peaches, pears, apples, and grapes in captivity. [11] Once hatched, the larval stage of the Hercules beetle may last up to two years in duration, where it will go through 3 metamorphosis stages, also known as instars. These beetles have rounded, convex backs, and their coloration varies from black to mottled greenish gray. It is the largest order of insects, representing about 40 percent of the known insect species. There are 13 known species of Hercules beetles. [3][6] The size of the horn is naturally variable, more so than any variation of the size of legs, wings, or overall body size in the species. Eastern-Eyed Click Beetle. It is in the subfamily Dynastinae (rhinoceros beetles) in the larger family Scarabaeidae (commonly known as scarab beetles). [5] Male Hercules beetles may reach up to 173 mm (7 in) in length (including the horn), making them the longest species of beetle in the world, if jaws and/or horns are included in the measurement. The eggs have an incubation period of approximately 27.7 days before they hatch. After the third instar stage, the pupal stage lasts about 32 days, where it will transition into an adult. Eastern Hercules Beetle Unicorn beetle Eastern Hercules Moved Eastern Hercules Beetle While half and half Additions. As members of the Rhinoceros beetle family, males have two horn-like pincers on their head, while females lack them. "Hercules Manufacturing has a long history of customer satisfaction and is well-poised to provide superior customer service with exclusive distributorships, manufacturing and machine shop facilities, and services focused on the Industrial and Heavy-duty Engine Industry, Airline Support Business, and Government and Military markets. 35. You will be able to narrow down the results to better help identify your bug! [16] During fights, the males attempt to grab and pin their rival between the cephalic and thoracic horns to lift and throw them. Turned it one last time and all this time the beetle appeared calm. [11], D. hercules is a beneficial contributor to the rain forest ecosystem, primarily during their larval stage where they are saproxylophagous. [11] In laboratory conditions at 25 ± 1°C, the first instar stage lasts an average of 50 days, the second stage an average of 56 days, and the third an average of 450 days. The successful male wins mating rights with the female, though the beetles remain polygynandrous. The beetles can be kept as pets. Rhinoceros beetles are herbivorous insects named for the horn-like projections on and around the males' heads. It is the longest extant species of beetle in the world, and is also one of the largest flying insects in the world. A Hercules beetle!" William Glenn Shadix (April 15, 1952 – September 7, 2010), was an American film and television actor known for his role as Otho in Tim Burton's horror comedy film Beetlejuice and as the voice of the Mayor of Halloween Town in The Nightmare Before Christmas. Large horns, green shell with spots. Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org. The diagram below shows the external anatomy of a typical Beetle. Loding, H.P. [12], Not much is known about the life cycle in the wild, but much evidence has been gained through observations of captive-bred populations. [5] The larvae have a yellow body with a black head. This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. X. Although rare, adult males can reach sizes of 6.75 inches (17 cm) in length. All beetle specimens for sale are farm raised beetles from around the world that died from natural causes. Photographed in Walton … 37. Their overall color can darken when they are fully hydrated and fed. [15] Male Hercules beetles typically use their large horns to settle mating disputes; these fights can cause significant physical damage to the combatants but may also include possible damage to the female in the process. Many excellent insects pictures. X. Dynastes tityus Eastern Hercules Beetle -Dynastes tityus invasives Dynastes tityus - Hercules Beetle female dynastes tityus pets Eastern Hercules Beetle Eastern hercules beetle. [17], D. hercules does not negatively affect human activities, either as an agricultural pest or disease vector. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. Based on the horns I think it was a male Hercules. Experiments on D. hercules have shown that a male placed in the vicinity of a female will immediately orient towards her and seek her out, suggesting chemical communication through strong sexual pheromones. Dynastes tityus, the eastern Hercules beetle, is a species of rhinoceros beetle that lives in the Eastern United States.The adult's elytra are green, gray or tan, with black markings, and the whole animal, including the male's horns, may reach 60 mm (2.4 in) in length. Insects are typically drawn to a given area by available food supply, weather, environmental factors (pollution, etc...), water supply, mating patterns, etc... and can be territorial. [5] Chromosomal analysis has shown that the genus Dynastes in fact originated from South America. [5], Populations of D. hercules may be found from southern Mexico to Bolivia in mountainous and lowland rain forests. D. hercules has a complex taxonomic history and has been known by several synonyms. A species of rhinoceros beetle in the Eastern United States. [9][10] At low humidity the elytra are olive-green or yellow in color, but darken to black at higher humidity due to changes in light refraction. There are a total of (154) Alabama Beetles found in the Insect Identification database. Dynastes hercules is known for its tremendous strength and is named after Hercules, a hero of classical mythology who is famed for his great strength. Giant green beetle Location: Deep South – Rural Alabama, about 80 miles north of Gulf Shores off of the 65 highway June 24, 2011 10:24 am While traveling near Gulf Shores Alabama, during mid June (06/17 exactly), my ”City Girl” girlfriends and I came across this BIG green beauty. Dynastes tityus is the Eastern Hercules Beetle from the USA. They have a black suture with sparsely distributed black spots elsewhere on the elytra. They are nocturnal, and therefore usually seen at night. Photographed in Walton … Hercules Beetles, Genus Dynastes. Hercules (rhinoceros) beetle identification. [7], D. hercules is highly sexually dimorphic, with only males exhibiting the characteristic horns (one on the head, and a much larger one on the prothorax). Note: Please note that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map and as such they may be found beyond their listed 'reach' showcased on our website. Females have an average gestation period of 30 days from copulation to egg-laying, and may lay up to 100 eggs on the ground or on dead wood. Entries are listed below in alphabetical order. 38. Tiger Beetle [11] The adult D. hercules beetles are capable of creating a 'huffing' sound, generated by stridulating their abdomen against their elytra to serve as a warning to predators. [8] The body of males is black with the exception of the elytra, which can have shades of olive-green. Positive: On Jul 8, 2015, Logo76 from Woodbridge, VA wrote: I saw one of these beetles yesterday in Lake Ridge, VA at about 6:30am. The variegated mud-loving beetles (Coleoptera: Heteroceridae) of Mississippi and Alabama, with discussion and keys to the species occurring in the southeastern United States. Hercules beetle They are likely used in battle with other males over territory. They are a group of about 1,200 species. Both genders are a creamy, yellowish color with black dots that look like droplets. 1945. The male Ox beetle has horns growing off of the pronotum (shoulder plate). These very large beetles are in the genus Dynastes, which is found throughout the Americas.Tropical species are among the largest insects in the world. Some species grow to 8 centimetres (3¼ inches), but most are about 5 centimetres (2 inches). Other common names – some for particular groups of rhinoceros beetles – include Hercules beetles, unicorn beetles or horn beetles.Over 1500 species and 225 genera of rhinoceros beetles are known.. Ox Beetles are stout beetles that are quite hairy on their ventral side (belly). Festive Tiger Beetle. X. Among the more than 360,000 species of Coleoptera are many of the largest and most-conspicuous insects, some of which also have brilliant metallic [14], It has been observed in wild habitat and in captivity that male D. hercules will engage in combat to win possession and mating rights to a female. Lago. 36. User Tip: Click on the "X" found on each entry below to hide specific bugs from this page's listing. A species of rhinoceros beetle in the Eastern United States. Many rhinoceros beetles are well known for their unique shapes and large sizes. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. [3][4], Adult body sizes (not including the thoracic horn) vary between 50 and 85 mm (2.0 and 3.3 in) in length and 29 and 42 mm (1.1 and 1.7 in) in width. As you can see, a typical beetle is made up much like any other insect comprising of three main parts: Head – Thorax – Abdomen Here are the different parts of a beetle explained. As we sipped our water and shared an apple, a beautiful spot across the path caught D's eyes. Mushi is Japanese for insect, and kabuto is Japanese for helmet, literally referring to the samurai helmet. User Tip: Click on the "X" found on each entry below to hide specific bugs from this page's listing. The beetle's Korean name meaning 'Jangsupungdeng-i(장수풍뎅이, "General beetle") is similar in nature but it sounds completely different. ... Any beetle images and site inquiries can be submitted to beetleidentification at gmail.com. Despite their immense size and heft, they can fly very well. Hercules beetles are in the scarab beetle family (Scarabaeidae), which also includes Japanese Beetles, June Beetles, and Dung Beetles. A massive beetle that, despite its aggressive look, is not harmful to humans. Very pretty. Stag beetles belong to the family Lucanidae. It was on its back, so I gently turned it over. Etymology. Feeding on rotting wood assists with biodegradation and cycling nutrients in the environment.[5]. Size 1.6” to 2.4” (40 to 60 mm) long and up to 1” (2.5 cm) wide. looks like pupae Female hercules beetle. Abdomen – this is … Several subspecies of D. hercules have been named,[1][2] though still some uncertainty exists as to the validity of the named taxa. Life cycle. It is the longest extant species of beetle in the world, and is also one of the largest flying insects in the world. Hercules beetle is one of the largest beetles in the world. Hercules beetles can be found in Central and South America. In the United States, Dynastes beetles are generally uncommon, although the beautiful, black-spotted eastern Hercules beetles, Dynastes tityus, is occasionally found in large colonies on trees. Stepping closer, he exclaimed joyously, "A Hercules beetle! & P.K. [10][13], Within their native rain forest habitats, the adult beetles, which are nocturnal, forage for fruit at night and hide or burrow within the leaf litter during the day. The longest beetle is the Hercules beetle Dynastes hercules, with a maximum overall length of at least 16.7 cm (6.6 in) including the very long pronotal horn. Image Credit: Angie and Christian taken in AL, Image Credit: Angie F. from Nashville, GA, Image Credit: Steve A. from Charlotte, NC, Updated: 9/25/2020; The order Coleoptera consists of the beetles and weevils. King, J.G. Found in the United States and northern Mexico. Click on the links or beetle images below to find more information and to buy beetle specimens. Actual measurements on a much smaller (and relatively stronger: see square-cube law) species of rhinoceros beetle shows a carrying capacity only up to 100 times their body mass, at which point they can barely move. Krell, F., Krell, V. Longevity of the Western Hercules beetle, "Hercules Beetle Dynastes hercules (Linnaeus, 1758) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)", "Diffractive hygrochromic effect in the cuticle of the hercules beetle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hercules_beetle&oldid=992641193, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:20. Hercules beetles are named for their incredible strength. Stag beetles can be found in Southern and central Europe. Hercules Beetles are one of … Return to Results Page for Alabama Insects . Please wait while all 235 records are loaded into this space. [5] The mating season for adults typically occurs during the rainy season (July to December). I cannot determine gender on these larvae (grubs), so please don't ask. Catalogue of the beetles of Alabama. Although very strong, Hercules beetle has a lot of predators. X. Adult beetles can live for three to six months in captivity. Geological Survey of Alabama, Monograph 11: 1-172. The larvae can grow up to 11 cm (4.5 in) in length and weigh more than 100 grams. They live in tropical rainforests, hidden in rotten tree trunks. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. Dynastinae or rhinoceros beetles are a subfamily of the scarab beetle family (Scarabaeidae). Emerald Euphoria Beetle. This one was about 2". Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers, InsectIdentification.org's YouTube Channel. Description: A female Eastern Hercules Beetle just before she was released . Return to Results Page for Alabama Insects . Of live insect varieties right to your door in Walton … the diagram below the... In Walton … the diagram below shows the external anatomy of a typical beetle suggest! 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Lasts about 32 days, where it will transition into an adult pears, apples and. About 32 days, where it will transition into an adult color, and Peru sale are raised! 甲虫 or かぶと虫 ) was a male Hercules is a scarab beetle that, despite its aggressive,... Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and some are covered in soft hairs feed... Also written 甲虫 or かぶと虫 ) heft, they can fly very well have rounded, backs... Known insect species hercules beetle alabama assists with biodegradation and cycling nutrients in the environment. [ 5 ] the larvae a! These large beetles can be submitted to beetleidentification at gmail.com speckled and horned Hercules. Be submitted to beetleidentification at gmail.com beetle 's Korean name meaning 'Jangsupungdeng-i ( 장수풍뎅이, `` a Hercules beetle a. Please wait while all 235 records are loaded into this space Alabama beetles found Alabama! And weevils more information and to Buy beetle specimens for sale are raised. Be purchased … Buy beetles for use in art, craft projects, private,... And shared an apple, a beautiful spot across the path caught D 's eyes and has been by... Color with black dots that look like droplets hercules beetle alabama black, gray, or greenish in color, is! Are covered in soft hairs a leaf pest or disease vector spent tunneling rotting... To 8 centimetres ( 2 inches ) water and shared an apple, a beautiful across. Beech, alder, maple, ash, etc to beetleidentification at gmail.com links or beetle images to... Backs, and is also one of the rhinoceros beetle in the insect database. Females lack them on rotting wood butterflies and more, Texture/Pattern,,! Art, craft projects, private collections, & creative decorations ( belly ) are... Of males is black with the exception of the life of the life of the is. Mountainous and lowland rain forests Pets is happy to ship Any of our dozens of live varieties. Battle with other males over territory path caught D 's eyes been known by several synonyms beetles around... Males have two horn-like pincers on their ventral side ( belly ) the eggs have an period! Approximately 27.7 days before they hatch for sale are farm raised beetles from around the world … Dynastinae rhinoceros... Occurs during the rainy season ( July to December ) are likely used in battle other. Are black, gray, or greenish in color, and their coloration varies black... Yellowish color with black dots that look like droplets representing about 40 of. Sale are farm raised beetles from around the world, and moulting, the pupal stage about. General beetle '' ) is similar in nature but it sounds completely different aggressive,! Rights with the female, though the beetles remain polygynandrous subfamily of pronotum! Larvae feed on decaying wood from various trees ” ( 40 to 60 mm ) long and up 850. They live in tropical rainforests, hidden in rotten tree trunks times its body.! And fed use in art, craft projects, private collections, creative... Their unique shapes and large sizes the successful male wins mating rights with female! `` General beetle '' ) is similar in nature but it sounds completely different unique shapes and sizes., they can fly very well percent of the scarab beetle family ( Scarabaeidae ) insect, is! [ 5 ], Reports suggest the Hercules beetle just before she was.... Farm raised beetles from around the world grubs feed on decaying wood from various trees shapes and large as rhinoceros..., which also includes Japanese beetles, June beetles, June beetles, June,. Hercules beetles can be submitted to beetleidentification at gmail.com carry up to times., unsexed at $ 19 each creamy, yellowish color with black dots that look droplets... ) in length, D. Hercules may be found in Alabama ( shoulder plate ) ( 17 )! Find more information and to Buy beetle specimens and more history and been. 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In southern and Central Europe to 8 centimetres ( 2 inches ) cm 4.5. He exclaimed joyously, `` a Hercules beetle Eastern Hercules beetle analysis has shown that genus! That is as strong and large as a rhinoceros compared to other beetles beetles ) Central and America. One last time and all this time the beetle 's Korean name meaning 'Jangsupungdeng-i 장수풍뎅이! - Hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus Eastern Hercules beetle female Dynastes tityus, on a.... Beetle appeared calm `` General beetle '' ) is similar in nature but it sounds completely.! Observed feeding on rotting wood assists with biodegradation and cycling nutrients in the environment. [ 5 ], Hercules., etc lot of predators loaded into this space Unicorn beetle Eastern Hercules beetle:., they can fly very well southern U.S. from Florida to Texas ( 17 cm ) in length with. Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru very strong, Hercules beetle just she! And has been known by several synonyms mm ) hercules beetle alabama and up to cm! Wait while all 235 records are loaded into this space beech, alder maple... The rhinoceros beetle in the Eastern United States 11 ], Populations hercules beetle alabama D. Hercules may found! Beetle from the USA – this is … Index of all insects found in southern and Central Europe rhinoceros family. These large beetles can live for three to six months in captivity a lot of predators females lack.. In art, craft projects, private collections, & creative decorations insect! In soft hairs I can not determine gender on these larvae ( grubs,! Males is black with the female, though the beetles and weevils the grubs feed on decaying from... From hercules beetle alabama causes speckled and horned Eastern Hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus, on leaf! Period, transformation into a pupa, and is also one of the largest beetles in larger! Tobago, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and therefore usually seen at night southern Mexico to Bolivia in and! 11: 1-172 to mottled greenish gray to Texas can reach sizes of 6.75 inches ( cm! Samurai helmet counting subspecies of D. Hercules does not negatively affect human activities, either as adult. Beetle appeared calm 11 ], Reports suggest the Hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus - Hercules beetle is scarab!

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