By Kristopher A. Nelson in February 2012 800 words / 4 min. This is to ensure that power is shared between the state and national governments. Due to federalism, both the federal government and each of the state governments have their own court systems. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Start studying Federal Vs. State Powers. This includes powers that are not banned by the Constitution. Following are some of the issues that come under the federal law: 1. In the Tenth Amendment, the Constitution also recognizes the powers of the state governments. Discover the differences in structure, judicial selection, and cases heard in both systems. money counterfeiting)The following issues are determined and legalized by the state: 1. States reserve the right to organize in any way, so they often vary greatly with regard to executive structure. Civil rights law 5. Real estate … This includes powers that are not banned by the Constitution. The phrase “state government” refers to the governments of the 50 states, which make up the United States. In most states, the other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners. Wills, inheritances and estates 5. Categorical grants, mandates, and the Commerce Clause, The relationship between the states and the federal government, The relationship between the states and the federal government: lesson overview, Practice: The relationship between the states and the federal government, Constitutional interpretations of federalism. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Patent and copyright laws 6. A good example is the federal government’s power to collect taxes. The executive branch is the part of government that makes sure people follow the laws, and the President is the head of the executive branch. Therefore, partially causing the Civil War. The legislative branch also has to approve people that the President wants to put into office. Sign up for our newsletter to get comparisons delivered to your inbox. Divorce and family matters 3. To make sure this did not happen, the Constitution was created, and it split up the power of the government into three branches. Powers of the States versus the Powers of the Federal Government. Immigration law 2. A similar state vs. federal power issue was decided in Arizona in 2012. It gave power to both the Federal Government and the state governments. -To regulate trade within the state-To establish local government-To conduct elections-To determine voter qualification -To establish and support public schools-To incorporate business firms-To license professional workers-To ratify amendments-To keep all the reserved powers not granted to the federal government nor prohibited to the states The Constitution, as written by The Founding Fathers, balances power between the federal government and the state governments. ... On the other hand, the North wanted the federal government to hold supreme power so they would get obliterate slavery. These would include declaring war, printing money, negotiating with foreign governments and regulating both interstate and international commerce. The judiciary branch is composed of the federal courts that include the US Supreme Court, appeals courts and district courts. Federalism A system of government … The Articles of Confederation were written and ratified while the Revolutionary Warwas still raging. Welfare, public assistance or Medicaid matters 4. With that established - how does the government respond at Federal, State … While the Constitution thus grants broad powers to the federal government, they are limited by the 10th Amendment, which states that “ [t]he powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States … State governments have jurisdiction over matters that affect their respective states. The supremacy clause contains what's known as the doctrine of pre-emption, which says that the federal government wins in the case of conflicting legislation. Criminal matters 2. Federal vs. State Power in Antebellum America. It creates a federal system of government in which power is shared between the federal government and the state governments. State governments have the same structure as the federal government, which means they have executive, judicial and legislative branches. Social Security/SSI laws 4. State governments are also allowed to collect taxes since this is not banned by the Constitution. Each of the state governments can create its own laws as long as these laws don’t oppose laws in the Constitution. The U.S. Constitution allocates powers to the states and federal government, structures the relationship between these two levels of government, and guides state-to-state relationships. The executive branch is headed by a governor who is directly elected by state... Of power between the federal government and the state governments, '' and one labeled ``.! Their own court systems concurrent powers get obliterate slavery and the state governments as well raising! More powerful with regard to executive structure Constitution » state vs. federal: the Nullification Movement ( )! 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